Brief History about Permaculture

By vladislav / April 20, 2017

Permaculture is a very complicated term, that most likely a lot of people don’t even understand. Therefore, because it is not a commonly used, I thought that it would be nice if people could read some interesting facts about the history of the permaculture. Let’s start from the beginning, how it all began and who invented it in the first place. It was invented by Bill Mollison, who is considered to be the father of permaculture. He used to be a professor in Australia, where he developed an integrated system of design with the help of his student David Holmgren. The two of them came up with a design, that wasn’t just about agriculture or ecology. They included economic systems, land access strategies, legal systems in this one design

First Appearance

Their design of the permaculture was introduced to the world and started spreading in 1976 when a newsletter published their work. The newsletter was called Tasmania’s Organic Farmer and Gardener. The title of that newsletter that was dedicated to the work of Bill Mollison and David Holmgren was “a Permaculture System for Sothern Australian Conditions – Part One”. After that newsletter was released they and their design got a lot of attention from other media and people that wanted to find out more about the permaculture. The two of them were interviewed many times from different news and radios.

The First Permaculture Eco-Village

After a large number of interviews, the word got around the whole world about their project of permaculture. People wanted to test out their idea, therefore an Australian permaculture developer named Max Lindegger created the first permaculture eco-village in the world. He said that he always had a similar idea, but he was never able to put it together. He gave all the credits to the inventor Mollison, he even invited him to come in order to speak to him and exchange ideas.

Soon after the creation of that first permaculture eco-village, the permaculture started to attract more and more people. However, it took over two years to publish the first ever book about permaculture. The book was written by Mollison and his student Holmgren. The first time that they held a design course was in 1979. Around 18 people have participated in that design course that was held by Mollison. Those 18 people have traveled from various places on earth just to be here and take the design course. The course was held at an old hotel located in Stanley.

That 18 participants were saying that this course was a true life changing the experience for them. Few of them even started to develop and invent on their own about permaculture designs. From that day forward, a lot more people have taken that design course including Vladislav Davidzon, and a lot of them have started to work on their individual projects after attending the course. That was the major success of the permaculture design project because people around the world have started to further develop their idea.

Permaculture Design Certificate

By vladislav / April 20, 2017

The permaculture Design Certificate was originally designed and invented by Bill Mollison who is considered to be the father of permaculture. The idea behind the permaculture design certificated or (PDC) was to educate and inform people about some of the values and basic fundamentals of the design. Wherever in the world, you get your permaculture design certificate, you will be going through the same steps. That is because otherwise, the certification process will lose some of its integrity over time. Here are the basic steps that each permaculture design certificate course should look like in order to be a legit certificate.

Things to Look Out For

The instructor or the teacher that is leading the course must have the same permaculture certification and a diploma in the field of education. He should be the person that leads you through the whole course and his signature must be on your certificate. That will prove that you have successfully completed the permaculture design course.

The permaculture design course should provide you with 72 hours of direct contact with your teacher. The instructor that will guide you through this course should give you assignments, homework’s, different projects and he should take you to see some demonstrations. All of that is important if you really want to learn about permaculture. One easy way to pick out a good and quality course is to look at how many days it will take. If the course is taking more than 12 days, then you are good to go.  That is because permaculture courses that take less than 12 days are not giving students enough time to learn everything about it. The course that Vladislav Davidzon took was more than 20 days.

Certification

If your permaculture design courses were similar to the above-described conditions, then you most likely have a legit certificate. That certificate will prove that you have all the necessary knowledge of that subject. More importantly, that certificate will allow you to use the word permaculture in your professional practice. Having this certificate, you will be able to do some professional practice about the subject.

Diploma

This is one step further than having a certificate. Having a diploma is much more serious than a certificate. However, it is more difficult to get it, you will be required to have enormous experience in the field.

How to Properly Plant a Tree

By vladislav / April 20, 2017

Everyone thinks that they know how to properly plant a tree, but when they actually try it out, they realize that it is not such an easy job as they imagined it to be. Most likely everyone will successfully put the tree in a hole in the ground, but that doesn’t mean that the tree is planted properly. The start is very important for every tree. It is a process that doesn’t won’t take up a lot of your time, but it will take a lot of time to have any result. If the tree is properly planted and maintained over the years it can reduce the time of giving results by a lot. If you want to learn the proper process of planting a tree, then continue reading this article.

Hole

The tree that you want to plant will most likely have its root in a ball shape. That is only to make it easier for you to plant it, after some time, the root will spread by itself. When you get your tree, inspect the size of the root, that is important because it will show you how big of a hole you need to make in order to plant it. The hole should be wide enough to fit the root, but you must not dig a deep hole. Only the root should be covered with soil, if the trunk is below the soil line you should fill up the hole until just the root is in the hole.

Hole Soil

The soil around the tree and its root should be extremally firm. That will allow the tree to spread its roots the best. Therefore, you need to be careful when planting the tree in the hole, dig up just the right size that will provide a good and stable structure for the growing tree.

Fill

When you have dug up your hole the perfect size for your tree, it is time to place it in the hole and fill it with soil. You should fill the hole with high-quality topsoil, that will guarantee a better and healthier tree. Of course, you can use the soil that you have dug up but it will not be as good as the high-quality soil. Adding some additional nutrients to the soil can be good but it is not necessary. Never cover the trunk of the tree because the moist soil can rotten it. Secure the tree with your hands and push down on the soil to compress it. A quick tip from Vladislav Davidzon: don’t use your feet to do it, use your hands it will be more than enough to compress it.

Water

When you successfully plant your tree, the next step that you must do immediately is to water it. The best way to water it will be with rain water. Right after you have planted it, the tree requires a lot of attention, make sure you are watering it every day for the next three weeks.

How to Repair Flood Damaged Soil

Unfortunately, floods are something that is appearing more frequently all around the world. In a lot of countries, floods are happening much more often than they were before and the floods are more serious. They are now causing much more damage than even before. Researchers don’t know the exact reason why are these floods happening more often, but they say there can be a lot of different reasons. However, these floods are not so dangerous to bigger cities because they have a well-designed drainage system just for these situations. The rural areas are the areas that suffer the most damage from floods.

One of the main techniques of permaculture design is to slow down the runoff water from the soil.  Therefore, the permaculture gardeners will want to increase the biodiversity. However, it doesn’t matter how they design their plot, they can still experience severe floods. Because of that I Vladislav Davidzon have decided to share with you some of the secret tips on how to repair your soil after a flood.

Drain

The first thing that you need to do after a flood is to let the water drain through your soil naturally. You don’t need to drain the water out with pumps, it is not your home. You can never know how much time it will take to drain out completely because you don’t know how much water you have. If you have experiences with previous floods, then you can make some estimates on the time the water need to drain out.

One mistake a lot of people do is that they try to fix some of their soil before the water is drained completely. That will never be good, only problems will arise mostly because it will be heavy with moisture. Wait up a few days or even a week in order to drain out all the water from your soil not just from its surface. Then your plants will be fully recovered from the weight of the water. Is some serious situations when the flood is still there after a week, you need to dig some channels that will guide the water out of your soil much faster.

Add Compost

The main problem that floods are causing to soil is that they remove all the nutrients from it. That’s why it is extremally important to add new and fresh compost to your soil once the flood is gone. That will help your plants to grow and recover much faster from the flood.

Check the Plants

Right after the flood has drained away, you should look at your plants, and search for any visible damage. It is not unusual for floods to damage the plants, especially if there was a lot of water. Big flood with a lot of water will create a lot of pressure on the little plants. The leaves of some plants can be covered with dirt, you should spray them with water to wash the dirt off them, so they can use the sun.

How to Harness Energy from The City

As you might know by now that big city uses up a lot of energy each day. They need to constantly provide power to each home, light up the streets, provide them with water and heat during winter. Every city is different and has different needs, not every city will burn up the same amount of energy each day. The amount of energy that is used to power a city is depending on the number of people living in it. That is because we people are the biggest consumers of energy. Authorities of some larger cities have realized that there is a problem with using up that much energy. Their theory is that one day we will run out of the energy, therefore they are taking some actions in order to reduce the consumption of the energy.

They have started to make their cities more “green”. For example, in larger cities, you will see a lot more buildings that harness energy from solar panels located on the rooftops. Some of them are collecting the rainwater with their filtration system. However, I Vladislav Davidzon personally think that there are much more sources of energy that people are wasting. All that energy can be collected and used for something else with a mechanism that will capture that wasted energy. Here are some very interesting ideas and plans how to collect and save energy in cities.

Piezoelectric

This type of technology creates electricity when two materials are put under pressure. It has been used in several cities, the most interesting way people used it was in Rotterdam where owners of a nightclub installed the piezoelectric material under their dance floor. Their idea was to create pressure with people dancing and jumping on the dance floor. It may sound like a project that will guarantee fail. However, this idea actually works, that nightclub is saving more than 60% of energy because of the piezoelectric dance floor.

Heat Capture

Believe it or not, humans are capable of changing the air temperature in large cities. That is possible because humans are radiating heat from their bodies all the time, and when you have a large number of people in one place it can lead to small temperature changes. Research is still going on about how to exactly harvest this heat from humans and convert it to energy.

Exercise Energy

This you might not know, but people are actually creating energy when they are losing it during an exercise. There is few pieces equipment that can capture our energy while exercising such as treadmills or stationary bicycles, but they are extremely expensive. We think that the price will get lower once there are more types of this equipment. Actually, there is nothing complicated about harvesting our energy while we are burning up our, those pieces of equipment need to have a turbine or a dynamo that will result in producing power. People could use that energy to power some of their household things.

How to Map Out Your Plot

When you want to apply some of the techniques of permaculture design to your property, the most helpful tool that you can implement is a complete map of the place. It will serve you as a personal blueprint of your site. If you design your map very detailed, then you will be able to monitor your site. You can analyze it, see how much some of the plants have grown. It can be difficult to create such a good map especially if you don’t have any experience. Luckily for you, we have created a step by step to do list in order to make your own map.

Make a Sketch

First of all, before you do anything else, you have to draw out a rough sketch of your site. On that sketch, you will need to mark out the building, big trees, fences and all the other structures that are on your property. Remember, this is just a rough sketch, you don’t need to worry about precise measurement because you will be doing that at the end. A great tip from Vladislav Davidzon is to use a blueprint If you happened to have one of your property, that will be the best because on that you will have all the exact measurements that you need. However, even if you have that blueprint, you will have to draw out the trees fences and power lines that are not on that blueprint.

Measure Permanent Objects

Because even the blueprint of your property doesn’t have all the necessary measurements, you will have to measure some of the objects by yourself. Take a measuring tape and start measuring the objects on your property that are permanent. When you get all these accurate measures, write them down on the sketch paper.

Measure the Boundary

If you don’t have the access to the original blueprint of your property, try to go to your local planning office and ask them. Usually, they will have it, but you might have to pay for it. However, if you don’t find the original blueprint, the only option you have is to measure everything by yourself. Start with measuring the boundary of your property. This will be most likely the easiest thing to measure because you will be measuring straight lines. If something is curved, we recommend that you measure it carefully, take smaller steps that will get you the most accurate measure of your plot.

Measure Relative Locations

When you are finished with measuring all the objects that are permanent in your property, then you need to measure the distance between those objects. Measure everything, you need to know how far is every tree located from the boundary. You have to mark down each and every of these measurements onto your sketch.

Make Overlays

When you are completely done with measuring all the objects, then you can create your detailed map with every measure that you have collected. Once you made the map you can start making overlays on your map. Those overlays will determine the right permaculture design that you want.

How to Grow Fruit Trees in Containers

By vladislav / April 20, 2017

If you are a permaculture gardener and you don’t have a lot of free space to plant your fruit trees, then there is no better option for you than growing them in containers. These containers are perfect also for people that don’t have appropriate garden beds that can withhold the spreading roots of some of the trees. People that don’t have the option of planting directly into the ground because of their property will find this method of growing fruit trees very helpful. One more good thing about growing fruit trees in containers is that you can take them with you if you decide to move at some point in your life.

Benefits of Containers

These containers have been proven very helpful to a lot of permaculture gardeners that want to be able to transfer their trees whenever they want. You can grow trees in the zone 1 instead of zone 2 or 3 where they are usually planted. Zone 1 means that you will be planting them directly in your property. This is very beneficial to some older or disabled permaculture gardeners because they don’t have to move a lot in order to get to their trees.

Another good thing about having fruit trees in containers is that you can move them with the sun. You probably know that the sun is very important for trees to grow, with containers you can transfer them to locations throughout the day in order to maintain constant sunshine. You won’t have to deal anymore with the problem of objects casting shadows onto your plants. With containers, you can always transfer them in a place where the sun is shining without any shadow.

One more important benefit of having fruit trees planted in containers is that you can take them indoors when the winter comes. This is especially beneficial if you live in a cold climate where winters are harsh and can damage your trees. Taking them indoor can save the trees from the winter, especially at the early stages.

Care

The trees that you are planting in containers will require more regular watering, than the regular trees that you have planted in the ground. That is because the soil in the containers will dry out much faster than regular soil. Of course, you should watch out not to water it too much, keep the moisture about medium levels at all times. In order to preserve moisture for longer, we suggest that you try putting some wood chips in the soil. Vladislav Davidzon gave this information from personal experience that if you want to achieve even better results and to grow trees much faster you should replenish the soil with compost each spring.

Another tip he gave us was to remove only five inches of dirt and replace that wit new compost. If you have done your research about the specific tree that you are growing and you follow these steps carefully, then you shouldn’t have any complications growing a fruit tree in a container.